Essay Overpopulation India

Overpopulation refers to a situation when the number of people in a country exceeds the resources that the country have to meet their needs.

Overpopulation refers to a situation when the population grows to an extent that creates problem and hurdle in the social and economic growth of a nation.

Overpopulation refers to a population that is too large and thus poses a problem. Of course, this depends on the context.

Overpopulation is one the biggest problem for India. It is the root cause of poverty and poor health. The rate of increase of population, especially during the last sixty-five years has been really alarming. The standard of living has gone miserably low.

Beside the social well-being, the economic prosperity of a modern nation is dependent on the rate of its population growth. A balance growth of population is desirable for economic growth and development. Overpopulation, on the other hand, puts a strain on the available resources, hinders economic growth, disturbs the food and water supply, and exhausts the available fuel. Internationally speaking, population pressure ultimately leads to political tensions, envy and distrust, and sometimes even to war.

During the last few years, India has become more and more aware of the problem of population explosion. Thanks to the Government’s progressive policy, the Planning Commission’s careful analyses and the contributions made by various experts, the people – particularly the Middle Classes – have awakened to the implications of a large family in the context of a fixed salary’.

During the first seventeen years of our freedom, while more land was brought under cultivation and more food raised, and more factories were set up and more industrial goods created, the economic life of the average person did not improve appreciably because, notwithstanding and augmentation of commodities and services, the number of consumers increased even more. In a word, this means that demographically India is running so fast that economically she has to stand still.

‘Population control will not solve all our problems, but other problems will not be solved without population control’, says Dr. Bhabha, the eminent Indian scientist. Again, we realize – especially in the context of Indian situation – that birth control is not the sole answer to the problem. The answer lies in an integrated programme, comprising improved land use, conservation of soil, water, forests and grass-lands, and technical assistance. And all these have to be undertaken on an international, rather than merely national scale.

To conclude, the threat presented by the problem of overpopulation to economic progress and world-peace is obvious. A developing country, like India, cannot afford this, in her present socio-economic context. The resulting economic frustration will create resentment among her poverty-tossed masses.

Thus, the first and foremost thing for such developing countries, like India, is to control population growth to promote their own economic well-being and, indirectly, contributing to the peace of the entire world.

Category: Blog

India and China Overpopulation Essays

1203 Words5 Pages

Human population is drastically increasing by the second, with the addition of one billion people every 12 years. Overpopulation creates an abundant amount of issues ranging from environmental and social problems. Nations attaining copious amounts of population introduce a wide array of problems to the world around and such nations. These environmental problems consist of but are not limited to lack of resources such as food and water; which may cause malnutrition in large populations, poor air quality, and overuse of fossil fuels such as petroleum. Social issues that arise from having a superabundant population consist of overcrowding, limits on freedom, and an increased amount of uprising and conflict within the nation itself. China and…show more content…

Human population is drastically increasing by the second, with the addition of one billion people every 12 years. Overpopulation creates an abundant amount of issues ranging from environmental and social problems. Nations attaining copious amounts of population introduce a wide array of problems to the world around and such nations. These environmental problems consist of but are not limited to lack of resources such as food and water; which may cause malnutrition in large populations, poor air quality, and overuse of fossil fuels such as petroleum. Social issues that arise from having a superabundant population consist of overcrowding, limits on freedom, and an increased amount of uprising and conflict within the nation itself. China and India are the two most populated countries in the world. China has a population of 1.34 billion and India closely follows behind as the second most populated country with a population of 1.21 billion (Index Mundi). This accounts for 37% of the world’s population (Index Mundi). China contains up to 20 percent of the world’s population ,which is 1.3 billion people and India is forecasted to soon surpass China’s population in the year 2028 according to the United Nations (5). Due to the increasingly large amount population, China and India have conducted several policies throughout the past. These policies range from China’s strict One-Child policy to India’s flexible National Population policy. In retrospect, if India’s government does not

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