Essay on Juvenile Justice System
557 Words3 Pages
This paper describes the various legislations and movements that were established in 19th century to address the issue of juvenile justice system. It outlines the challenges faced by the legislation and movements and their implications in addressing the issues of the juvenile justice system.
Late eighteenth and early nineteenth century was the beginning of creating a difference in the way delinquents were handled. Historically, an offender who was above seven years of age was imprisoned together with the adults. Though an offender who was between seven and fourteen years of age was presumed as one who is not able to form the required criminal intent it gave the prosecutor room to prove otherwise. A house…show more content…
However, due to the rise in juvenile crimes, the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act were amended to state that for weapon violations and crimes that involved violence the juveniles would be tried as adults. The juvenile courts have greater discretion in disposing of a case than an adult court, as they are given power to actually take a child from the custody of their parent to a facility or a foster home.
The current juvenile courts have been accused of diverting from the historical idea of the first juvenile courts which was to treat the child offender as one who needed rehabilitation. Instead, after committing the offence the offender is not given a chance to turn his or her life around. An example is given by Stier (2009) of America where two juvenile court judges were accused of receiving 2.6 million dollars in exchange for sending the juvenile offenders to detention centers that were owned by private individuals. Some of the minors sent to these centers were petty offenders, for instance, Wilkes-Barre a 14 year old who stole loose change from an unlocked car to buy chips was locked in a detention center for a year.
It has been argued by researchers in the case of Roper v Simmons that the part of the brain where rational decisions are made does not develop until one is in their early to mid twenties. Therefore, courts
Juvenile Justice Essay
1308 Words6 Pages
In today's society juveniles are being tried in adult courts, given the death penalty, and sent to prison. Should fourteen-year olds accused of murder or rape automatically be tried as adults? Should six-teen year olds and seven-teen year olds tried in adult courts be forced to serve time in adult prisons, where they are more likely to be sexually assaulted and to become repeat offenders. How much discretion should a judge have in deciding the fate of a juvenile accused of a crime - serious, violent, or otherwise? The juvenile crime rate that was so alarming a few years ago has begun to fall - juvenile felony arrest rates in California have declined by more than forty percent in the last twenty years. While…show more content…
This new law puts youth into the adult system, allowing youth to be mixed with adults in prison. Sending youth as young as fourteen to the adult court system rather than to juvenile court. It threatens privacy and civil liberties. Allowing the public, including schools and employers, to review juvenile court records by removing the "confidentiality" rules that permit young offenders to go back to school or find jobs without being labeled a criminal for life. Allowing wiretapping of those the government thinks are "gang" members, which is defined as an informal group of three or more people, and creating "gang" registration requirements and procedures for adults and juveniles convicted or found by the court for gang-related offenses. It creates punishment that does not fit the crime. Lowering felony vandalism such as graffiti from over $50,000 to over $400 in damages and increases the minimum penalty to one year in jail and thousands of dollars in fines. Making "conspiracy," or just knowing a gang crime will be committed, a crime. Expanding the "three strikes" laws to make sentences much longer for youth. Expanding the death penalty. Eliminating probation eligibility for many youth, creating stricter probation rules for those who are eligible, and making it easier for youth to be moved from probation to prison. It has no