Example Essay Based On Pie Chart

Academic IELTS Writing task 1 Sample 58 - The pie chart gives information on UAE government spending in 2000

Last Updated: Wednesday, 07 February 2018 16:16
Written by IELTS Mentor
Hits: 24550

IELTS Academic Writing Task 1/ Graph Writing - Pie Chart:

» You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The pie chart gives information on UAE government spending in 2000. The total budget was AED 315 billion.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

» Write at least 150 words.

Model Answer 1:
The pie chart shows the UAE government’s budget spending in different sectors in 2000. As is presented, the UAE government had AED 135 billion budget for the year 2000 and they used the highest amount for ensuring social security.

According to the pie chart, the UAE administration allocated AED 100 billion in social security from their national budget of AED 315 billion. This single sector cost the UAE government almost one-third of the total budget. This year the government's expense was 53 million on health and personal social services, which was the second largest sector in terms of expenditure made by the UAE government. 38 million AED was spent on education while 23 billion both in debt and other expenditures.

The government used 22 billion in Defence sector while 13 billion for the industry, employment and agriculture sectors. The lowest amount of money, only 9 billion, went to the transport sector. Finally, 15 billion of the budget was spent on housing and environment.

In summary, UAE government's maximum spending went in social security and healthcare sectors while the least amounts were spent on transport, law and order, housing and industry/agriculture and employment sectors.

(Approximately 192 words)

Model Answer 2:
The pie chart illustrates the expenditure of the UAE government from the national budget 315 billion AED in 2000. It also shows the segments of expenditure of the UAE administration in different sectors in the same year.

At a first glance, it is crystal clear that biggest slice of the budget was devoted to social security, AED 100 billion. UAE spent 53 billion on health and personal social services followed by education with 38 billion. However, the least amount of budget was spent on the transportation system, AED 9 billion.

Moving further, it is vivid that debt interest and other expenditure accounted for AED 23 billion of the budget. The expenditure of the UAE budget was 15 billion on housing heritage closely followed by industry, agriculture and employment with AED 13 billion.

Overall, it can be deduced that the least amount of money was spent on transport while the highest amount on the social security by the UAE government in 2000.

[Written by - Kuljeet Sandhu ]


Sample Answer 3:
The pie chart delineates how the UAE administration spent the national budget in 2000. It is obvious that social security and health and personal social services received the largest proportion of incentives from the 315 billion Dirham' national budget in this year in the United Arab Emirates.

As is presented in the diagram, the UAE administration’s budget in 2000 was 315 billion Arab Emirates Dirham and 100 billion of it went on maintaining citizens’ social security. Just over 53 billion was allocated for the health and social services which was the second largest allocation by the USA government. Budget allocation for education, defence and debt interests were 38, 22 and 23 billion Dirhams respectively. Housing heritage and environment sector was allotted 15 billion Dirham which was 6 billion higher than the allocation for transportation. The UAE government shared only 9 billion Dirham, the least, for its transportation sector in 2000 while other expenditure accounted for 23 billion.

How to compare two pie charts in IELTS writing task 1. This sample answer illustrates the method of organising the report as well as useful language and sentence structures to get a band score 9. These pie charts were reported in the IELTS test in November, 2017.

The pie charts below show the comparison of different kinds of energy production of France in two years.

Pie Chart Sample Answer

The two pie charts illustrate the proportion of five types of energy production in France in 1995 and 2005. 

Overall, in both years, the most significant sources of energy  were gas and coal, which together accounted for over half the production of energy, while nuclear and other kinds of energy sources generated the least amount of energy in France. In all types of energy production there was only minimal change over the 10 year period.

Energy produced by coal comprised of 29.80% in the first year and this showed only a very slight increase of about a mere 1 % to 30.9% in 2005. Likewise, in 1995, gas generated 29.63% which rose marginally to 30.1% 10 years later.

With regards to the remaining methods of producing energy, there was an approximate 5% growth in production from both nuclear power and other sources to 10.10% and 9.10% respectively. Petrol, on the other hand, was the only source of energy which decreased in production from 29.27% in 1995 to around a fifth (19.55%) in 2005.

Pie Chart Tips

  • Always highlight the largest and smallest proportions
  • If there are two pie charts in different time periods, then you must highlight the key changes / trends
  • Use pie chart language – accounts for / comprises of / represents
  • The phrase “Units are measured in …” should be used when the units have not been stated in the previous sentence.

Recommended Lessons

How to describe an IELTS pie chart, click here
IELTS Bar Chart Model Answer
Line Graph Model Answer

See All Writing Task 1 Tips, Model Answers and Video Lessons


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *